Hristofor Miho. UCO.

The GEN4OLIVE project is at the forefront of addressing the challenges posed by climate change to olive tree. This European project delves into the genetic variability of olive trees and explores how climate factors impact olive production, oil quality, and other agronomic characteristics. The research highlights the resilience of various olive varieties to abiotic stresses, such as frost and drought, showcasing the genetic diversity essential for developing robust cultivars.

The study underscores the influence of climate on olive phenology, particularly the advancement of flowering periods due to rising temperatures. This shift in phenological phases has significant implications in olive fruit production.

Additionally, the study investigates the nutritional variability in olive oil, focusing on fatty acids and phenolic compounds. It is demonstrated that both genotype and environmental factors play crucial roles in determining these nutritional profiles, offering insights into optimizing oil quality through genetic selection and cultivation practices.

A key aspect of the GEN4OLIVE project is the digitalization and accessibility of genetic resources for end-users. To this end, a comprehensive database has been developed, allowing for the visualization and processing of extensive datasets collected throughout the project. This database serves as a valuable tool for researchers, growers, and industry stakeholders, facilitating informed decision-making and resource management.

Furthermore, the project has advanced technological applications by developing two innovative Apps leveraging machine learning and artificial intelligence. One App is designed for identifying olive varieties through endocarp images, while the other diagnoses olive diseases based on symptoms observed in leaves and other plant tissues. These tools provide rapid, accurate, and user-friendly solutions for variety identification and disease management, contributing to sustainable olive production.

Overall, the GEN4OLIVE project exemplifies the integration of genetic research, climate impact assessment, and advanced digital tools to enhance the resilience and sustainability of olive cultivation in the face of climate change. This work not only contributes to scientific knowledge but also provides practical solutions for the olive industry, ensuring its viability and productivity in changing environmental conditions.